The Ajanta & ellora Caves are located in the state Marathas, Maharashtra, 100 kilometers from the city of Aurangabad.
These caves are located near the Indian state of Maharashtra (jalgaon) and just outside this village name Ajintha and this is 59 Kilometers on the Delhi – Mumbai line away from jalgaon railway station and Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Central Railway zone, and 104 kilometers (64 miles) from the city of Aurangabad.
They are 100 kilometers (62 miles) from the Ellora Caves . This contains Hindus & jains temples as well as Buddhist caves are also there. These caves are by the river of waghora river in the mid of sahyadri hills.ajanta and ellora caves are discovered by British captain name john smith in the year 1819.
While on our whole hunting journey. The Ajanta caves are cut into the side of a cliff that is on the south side of a U-shaped gorge on the small river Waghora (or Wagura), and although they are now along and above a modern pathway running across the cliff they were originally reached by individual stairs or ladders from the side of the river 35 to 110 feet below.
The Ajanta caves are important mainly because of to see the fine line of convey the Hinyana and the Mahayana sector, as for the knowledge the Hianyana did not worship any god or goddess but they used only stupas, and other rock forms to represent Buddha.
On the other hand Mahayana it used idols of people they worship. The caves include both Chaitya (Prayer Halls) and monasteries and have both types of architecture and art besides paintings and scriptures, of the two sectors Hinyana and Mahayana.
Caves numbered 8, 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15 are of the older sect, Hinayana. Caves numbered as 1, 2, 16, 17, 19 related to Mahayana and 26 where, 19 and 26 are Chaityas.
The Ajanta and ellora caves embrace paintings and sculptures described by the government Archaeological Survey of India as “the finest surviving examples of Indian art, particularly painting” Which are masterpieces of Buddhist, with figures of the Buddha and depictions of the Jataka tales?
The caves were built in two phases starting around from the 2nd century BCE, with the second group of caves built around 400-650 CE according to older accounts, or all in a brief period of 460 to 480 according to the recent proposal of Walter M. Spink. The site is a protected monument in the care of the Archaeological Survey of India, and since 1983, the Ajanta Caves has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.