The hotspot of diverse ecosystem, the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands has immense collection of natural resources. This land is full of natural beauties and the exotic collection of flora and fauna, which attract tourists worldwide. The myriad tourist spots of Andaman and Nicobar islands support the tourism industry of the place.
Abounded with lush green forests, this island is a storehouse of some rare variety of floras. Its uniqueness is remarkable. It is a paradise for the people who want to explore the wildlife of India. Andaman and Nicobar are home to some exclusive flora and fauna that stays hidden in the deep jungles of these islands or in the lagoons surrounding the islands.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands are also a great place for all the enthusiastic bird watchers. Nicobari Pigeon is definitely the main attraction.
This beautiful club of emerald islands covers an area of 8,249 km, with the absolute and wonderful beauty all around, beyond your imagination. Rich marine life, fascinating bird species, reef, under sea wealth, every green forests make you quite different experience of wildlife. The islands have 96 sanctuaries and 9 National parks.
Covering a unique luxuriant evergreen tropical rain forest, this island possess around 2200 varieties of plants, out of which 200 are considered as endemic and 1300 do not occur in rest part of India. The southern part contains on epiphytic vegetation, the middle one harbor mostly moist deciduous forests while the Nicobar is blanketed with lush grasslands. Almost 86.2% of the total land area of this island is covered with diverse kind of vegetation.
As far as mammal in Island is concerned, this island lacks mammals as compared to the other parts of India. Some prominent mammals in the park include the sus scrofa Andamanensis, S.S.nicobaricus, Andaman wild boar, feral elephants, rodents and bats.
The Islands has 270 species of birds including 14 species endemic birds. The endemic birds are Andaman serpent-eagle, Andaman crake, narcondam hornbill, brown coucal, Andaman drongo, Andaman scops-owl, Nicobar serpent-eagle, Nicobar sparrowhawk, Nicobar parakeet, Nicobar bulbul, Andaman treepie, Nicobar scrubfowl, Andaman woodpecker, Andaman woodpigeon and white-headed starling.
Solely known for having rich and diverse kind of marine life, out of 1000 marine life on the coral, Andaman dominate 135 of them. You can explore the stunning the coral heads and the amazing variety of fish under the water.
Some frequently found corals in the Island include finger coral, brain coral, vase coral, finger coral, plate coral and leather coral. Among the spectacular feature of wildlife at the Islands, Butterfly is the one. It hosts nearly 225 species of alluring butterflies, out of which 10 are considered endemic to the Islands.
The best time to visit Andaman & Nicobar is from December to April. This place is paradise for adventure and water sports lovers. Trekking, island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving are the major tourist’s activities here. The main attraction spots in Andaman & Nicobar Island are Jollybuoy Island, in the heart of itinerary, sandy beaches encircled by a reef, the historical places like cellular Jail and Vipar Island, churches.
There are plenty of accommodation options available at Port Blair in Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar. It is located around 30 km from the park. There are some good lodges and resorts available inside the nation park.
There is a domestic airport at Port Blair offering regular services to Calcutta and Chennai. You can also access the islands by passenger ship services regularly available from Chennai, Calcutta and Vishakhapatnam. From Prot Blair, you can hire bus to reach the park.