Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan
The Keoladeo Ghana National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur (Rajasthan) in India. It is a famous because of avi fauna bird sanctuary that plays a host to thousands of birds especially during in the summer season, 230 species of birds is known to have make the National Park their home.
It is also a one of the major tourist centre with high scores of ornithologists arriving here in the hibernal season. When UNESCO listed it as World Heritage site and earlier in 1982 it was declared as National Park. Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a man-managed wetland and one of the Ghana national parks of India.
This reserve protects Bharatpur from frequent floods; it provides grazing grounds for village cattle and earlier was primarily used as a water flow ground. The 29 kilometers reserve is locally called as Ghana, and is the mosaic of dry grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps with wetlands. These diverse habitats are home to 379 floral species, 366 bird species, 50 species of fish, 5 species of lizards, 13 species of snakes, 7 amphibian species,7 turtles species, and a wide variety of other invertebrates.
Each year thousands of migratory waterfowl visit the park for wintering breeding etc. The Sanctuary is one of the far richest bird areas across the world. It is known for nesting of its resident birds and visiting migratory birds includes water birds. The rare Siberian cranes used to winter in this park but this central population of Siberian Cranes are now extinct. According to Sir Peter Scott Keoladeo Sanctuary is the world’s best bird area.The Keoladeo Ghana National Park opens from sunrise to sunset around the year. The ticket is around 200 INR per foreign visitor and 25 INR for Indian visitor. Vehicles are permitted up to Shanti Kutir which is about 1.7 kilometers inside at 50 INR per vehicle.
After this you can choose to do walk or go with bicycle or by cycle rickshaw, and with Tonga or boat when the water level is high. The cycle rickshaw wallah’s displayed yellow plate meaning authorized double up as guide also carries binoculars. Hotels do supplies packed lunch and you can get a bite at a canteen on the second gate and even at Forest Lodge.
The nearest airports from this place are Delhi and Jaipur. Daily flights are easily available between Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, Varanasi, and Lucknow. The nearest railway station from this place is Bharatpur Junction (5 km). Bharatpur is connected with other parts of the nation by very good roads.
One can travel through his own vehicle too. There are regular bus services from Delhi (184 km), Mathura (39 km), Jaipur (176 km), Alwar (117 km) and adjoining areas.
Many trains from New Delhi (New Delhi – Mumbai and Agra – Jaipur route) stop at Bharatpur. Bharatpur is easily get reached by train or bus, although there is facility of private taxis from New Delhi or Agra can be employed. The Park gate is pretty near to the bus stand & railway station.
A forestation policy of planting acacias was vigorously followed. However the ecosystems of the Park continue to be fragile due to pressure of tourism and need for water from surrounding villages. However the environmentalist’s wins the day in 1985 when UNESCO listed it as World Heritage site and earlier in 1982 it was declared as National Park. And, today the Park has been recognized as the most important breeding and feed grounds for the birds in the world. Some species are still endangered, especially the Siberian crane. Visitors are advised to maintain low noise level and avoid littering the park.