Bird Sanctuary, Backwaters, Freshwater Lake in Kerala
Kumarakom is a popular and famous tourist destination in Kerala and it is located near the city of Kottayam. Exact Location of Kumarakom is about 16 kilometers away from Kottayam town, Central Kerala in the South Indian State Kerala, India, It is famous for its Maelstrom water tourism.
It is set in the backdrop of the Vembanad Lake which is the largest freshwater lake in the state of Kerala. Nearest airport: Cochin International Airport, about 76 kilometers from Kottayam town. Kumarakom is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is a beautiful & far most unique bird sanctuary where many species of migratory birds visit.
The Vembanad Lake, the largest abjure water in Kerala, is habitat for many marine and freshwater fish species and it teems with Karimeen (Pearl spot also known as Etroplus suratensis) shrimp (Metapenaeus dobsonii) common name Poovalan chemeen. The bird sanctuary extends over 14 acres and came into existence following preservation efforts from the government. If you are lucky you will have a chance upon a Siberian Crane, become the special visitor during the migratory season. It is the most beautiful place to live and it is a major tourist attraction place.
Kumarakom has a moderate climate through-out the year. It has a balancing tropical climate, which has two monsoons south west and north east. The average rainfall is around 1100mm.The village of Kumarakom is a cluster of little islands on the Vembanad Lake, and it is part of the Kuttanad region.
The bird sanctuary here, which is spread across the 14 acres and it, is a favorite haunt of migratory birds and the ornithologist’s paradise. Egrets, darters, herons, teals, waterfalls, cuckoo, wild duck and migratory birds like the Siberian Stork visit here in flocks and are a fascinate the visitors.
An enchanting backwater destination, Kumarakom offer visitors many other leisure options. Boating and fishing facilities are available at the Taj Garden Retreat, the sprawling old bungalow-turned-resort.
Waterscapes, the backwater resort of the Kerala Tourism Development Corporation has independent cottages builds on stilt, set amidst coconut groves and panoramic views of the backwaters. Holiday packages involving houseboats, traditional Kettuvalloms (rice barges) offer great experiences. Main religions are Hinduism and Christianity. The 1000nd year old Thazhathangady Juma Masjid, a mosque, is located nearby kumarakom.
Glanced tropical climate is very conductive to cultivation. The place had expanses of mangrove forests, paddy fields with coconut groves. Fruits like Banana, Mango, Jackfruit, Ambazhanga, Puli, Chaambenga, Peraycka, Aathaycka and Pineapple grows here. Also, cocoa and coffee, chena(yam) and chembu(colocasia, grows well and are were cultivated under the coconut trees.
This rich agricultural environment is mainly irrigated using interspersed waterways and canals of the Meenachil River. Those smaller canals are often lined by hibiscus plants which lean partly over the canals to form a green canopy, from which the lovely hibiscus flowers hang.
In the olden days, when the bund separating the backwaters from the sea was not yet build, the water in the canals moved in & out with the sea tide and it was salty. After the Thanneermukkam bund was constructed, the connection to the open sea was not free in anyway, and so the tidal movement of the water in the canals stops. It stagnated and then plenty of water hyacinths started growing densely in the canals, formed lovely green carpets with pale lilac flowers carpets.