Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan
Set on rolling hills covered by the deciduous forests, Sariska Tiger Reserve is one of the main tourist’s attraction points in Rajasthan. Nestling a wide range of wildlife and vegetation, Sariska offers a picturesque topography. The Sariska Tiger Reserve is a heritage of the Maharaja of Alwar and an Indian national park located in the Alwar district of the state of Rajasthan. The diverse turf of Sariska supports scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, grasses and rocks. It was a hunting preserve of the bygone Alwar state and it was declared a wildlife reserve in 1955. In 1978, it was recognize as a tiger reserve under India’s Project Tiger scheme. Covering an area 866 sq.kms, the park is located in the middle of enchanting Aravalli hills dominating the entire landscape of Sariska with its sharp cliff hills and narrow valleys. It is situated 107 km from Jaipur and 200 km from Delhi.
The main attraction of the Sariska Tiger Reserve is the Royal Bengal Tiger. The Sariska is rich in diverse fauna and flora. Its fauna comprises the rarest and endangered species such as Leopard, Jungle Cat, Caracal, Golden Jackal, Sambhar , Chinkara, Four Horned antelope, Blue Bull , Chital,Wild Boar, Hare Langur, Striped Hyena and many birds and reptiles etc. The Sariska National Park is home to India’s largest population of harbors quail, peafowl, golden- backed woodpeckers, sand grouse and crested serpent eagles, among other species, and also the Siliserh Lake on the edge of the park accommodates large number of crocodiles. It also offers natural nesting grounds to different species of birds and plays host to a number of migratory birds annually. Flora of Sariska is found as Salar, Dhok Tree, Ber, Bargad, Arjun, Gugal, Khair, Bamboo, Kadaya, Gol, Kair, Adusta etc making up majority of its vegetation. Sariska remain open throughout the year.
The best season to explore this park is from November to June, perfect for animal viewing. Sariska is surrounded by abounding barren hills with forts located atop them. One of these majestic forts, called the Kankwadi is the major piece of attraction. The undulating hills with sheerer cliffs, bulging water bodies and some excellent grassland with water channels criss-crossing all over them truly appear like an oasis in the dessert.
Apart from animals and birds, the other attractions of the sanctuary include a number of pavilions and temples. Other than enjoying the wonders of nature visible all across the reserve, some of the worth mentioning spots in the reserve are: Kalighati, Pandupol , Hides for Wildlife Viewing, Grassland beyond Kalighati, the ancient Shiva temple and the marvelous Sariska palace.
The best way to explore the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is by jeep safaris. You can also hire a bicycle or walk on foot along the nature trails at the Sariska National Park to experience an indescribable thrill spotting the wildlife. It provides an excellent opportunity for wildlife viewing and wildlife photography within the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary.
Sariska is well connected by road and railway so it is easy to access.The nearest airport from Sariska is Jaipur at a distance 107-kms and the nearest railhead is Alwar, 37 kms away situating off the Delhi-Alwar-Jaipur Road.
Sariska is directly connected with bus services from Delhi and Jaipur and Alwar.