What is IQ? What is EQ? Is EQ is Valuable?

what-is-iq-what-is-eqIf a person has higher IQ, is he Intelligent?

Most of us will say ‘yes’

But the fact is, IQ and intelligent are not the same thing. IQ is a measurement of the intellingence trait that each and everyone has, up to a certain degree.

IQ tests do not reflect intelligence

Some people have poor reasoning and brilliant memories or fantastic language skills but aren’t so smart at reasoning. Now once and for all we can say there is not a single measure such as IQ which captures all the intelligence that you see in people. For more than a century our IQ has been used to measure how clever people are. Different circuits within the brain are used for different thougth processes, the researchers showed, meaning separate tests of reasoning, short term memory & verbal skills are required to measure someone’s overall intelligence.
(Source: Daily Telegraph and New Scientist Study)

According to Howard Gardner’s theory;

Logical Mathematic
Bodily Kinesthetic
Intrapersonal factors

Types of Intelligence

Rober J. Sternberg’s triarchic theory says, a person’s total intelligence is a combination of following three abilities

1) Creative Intelligence – The ability to generate new, interesting ideas.

2) Analytical Intelligence – The abilitiy to examine facts and draw conclusions.

3) Pratical Intelligence – The ability to fit into one’s environment.

Music & IQ

According to a study, music lessons can enhance the IQ of children. Listening to classical music was reported to increase IQ, specifically natural ability.

Health & IQ

A Theory suggests that early childhood stress may affect the developing brain and cause negative effects. Exposure to violence in childhood has been associated with lower school grades and lower IQ.

The Q of ‘quotient’

The IQ as a measurement of intelligence is a relative measurement. You do not have a fixed IQ in individuals as you have a specific body lenght & weight, but your IQ indicates how well you are doing in comparison to others. Your IQ is a score you achieve relative to a group of others participants. The average of that group is defined as 100. That is why we call it a ‘quotient’. And that is why IQ is not the same thing as intelligence.

What is EQ?

The most widely agreed upon definition of emotional intelligence comes from John Mayer, a professor at the University of New Hampshire, who present EQ as four specific abilities:

  • The capacity to recognixe emotions and distinguish how a person is feeling.
  • The ability to use emotions to facilitate performance of a task.
  • Understanding emotions – connecting the emotional dots and understanding the relationship between events and emotions.
  • Emotions regulation and management or the ability to change and maintain certain emotional states.

Why is EQ valuabe?

Paying attention to emotions is a way to build self awareness. EQ helps us to understand other people, our reactions, and ourselves.

Understanding the Difference Between IQ (Intelligence Quotient) & EQ (Emotional Quotient)

Intelligence Quotient
Emotional Quotient
Refers to the analytical, mathematical and logical reasoning capabilities of a person.
Measures a person’s personal skills and power to use emotions.
IQ is something you are born with Can be improved upon and learned
Determine whether you have the innate abilities for it. More relevant to success and happiness in life.
Decides your individual capacities and intelligence. Decides whether you are a team player or how well you respond to a crises.

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